Romanian President Nicolae Ceausescu with revolutionary leader Kim Il Sung in Pyongyang, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), in 1978.
"The DPRK held a special appeal for Ceausescu, and it is not hard to see why. Like Romania, Korea was a small country that had been dominated by competing large powers for centuries. Under Kim Il Sung’s leadership, socialist Korea had placed an enormous amount of energy into independently developing its unique national character for the first time.
"The DPRK had also successfully maintained its revolutionary system and independence, developing its socialist economy while navigating the treacherous waters of the Sino-Soviet dispute, and was on good terms with both China and the USSR.
”But the Korean example couldn’t be imported wholesale to Romania as Ceausescu seemed to hope. For one thing, despite his honorable history as a communist militant and political prisoner, Ceausescu was no Kim Il Sung – he had not led a revolution, nor was he a great Marxist thinker and guerrilla strategist.
"More significant, though, were the treacherous and transitional social underpinnings of Romanian socialism, which got its impulse from liberation by the Soviet Red Army rather than from an indigenous revolution, and where the old state machinery had not been thoroughly smashed and replaced with one based on the working class and poor peasantry."
From "Why Does Imperialism Hate Nicolae Ceausescu So Much?"